Cinsireacht

Is féidir. Chabhródh Brabhsálaí Tor le daoine do shuíomh Gréasáin a bhaint amach aon áit ina bhfuil cosc air. Most of the time, simply downloading the Tor Browser and then using it to navigate to the blocked site will allow access. In places where there is heavy censorship we have a number of censorship circumvention options available, including pluggable transports.

For more information, please see the Tor Browser User Manual section on censorship.

Uaireanta, cuireann suímh cosc ar úsáideoirí toisc nach féidir leo idirdhealú a dhéanamh idir gnáthúsáideoirí Tor agus trácht uathoibrithe. An straitéis is fearr atá againn ó thaobh deireadh a chur leis an gcosc ar úsáideoirí Tor ná dul i dteagmháil go díreach le riarthóirí an tsuímh. Seans go ndéanfadh rud éigin mar seo an beart:

"Dia dhuit! Rinne mé iarracht cuairt a thabhairt ar do shuíomh xyz.com le Brabhsálaí Tor ach de réir cosúlachta cuireann sibh cosc ar úsáideoirí Tor. Molaim go láidir duit athmhachnamh a dhéanamh ar an gcinneadh seo; úsáideann daoine ar fud an domhain Tor lena bpríobháideachas a chosaint agus le troid in aghaidh cinsireachta. Trí chosc a chur ar úsáideoirí Tor, is dócha go bhfuil tú ag cur cosc ar dhaoine atá faoi smacht ina dtír dhúchais agus nach bhfuil in ann leas a bhaint as Idirlíon saor is oscailte, ar iriseoirí, taighdeoirí, daoine nochta scéil, gníomhaithe, agus gnáthdhaoine nach bhfuil sásta leis an lorgaireacht chunórach a dhéanann tríú páirtithe ar an nGréasán. Iarraim ort an fód a sheasamh ar son príobháideachais dhigitigh agus ar son saoirse Idirlín, trí chead a thabhairt d'úsáideoirí Tor xyz.com a úsáid. Go raibh míle maith agat."

I gcás bancanna nó suímh íogaire eile, feictear blocáil bunaithe ar thíreolaíocht (má tá a fhios ag an mbanc a úsáideann tú a chuid seirbhísí ó thír amháin de ghnáth, agus má fheiceann siad go bhfuil tú ag ceangal ó thír ar an taobh eile den domhan, seans go gcuirfeadh an banc do chuntas faoi ghlas nó ar fionraí).

If you are unable to connect to an onion service, please see I cannot reach X.onion!.

If you can't download Tor Browser through our website, you can get a copy of Tor Browser delivered to you via GetTor. Is éard atá in GetTor ná seirbhís a fhreagraíonn teachtaireachtaí le nascanna leis an leagan is déanaí de Bhrabhsálaí Tor, óstáilte in áiteanna éagsúla nach bhfuil faoi chinsireacht, ar nós Dropbox, Tiomántán Google, agus Github. You can also download Tor Browser from https://tor.eff.org or from https://tor.ccc.de. For more geographically specific links visit Tor: Mirrors

B'fhéidir é. Má tá, ba chóir duit triail a bhaint as droichead. Tá roinnt droichead ionsuite i mBrabhsálaí Tor, agus is féidir leat iad siúd a úsáid trí "Cumraigh" a roghnú (agus na treoracha a leanúint) sa bhfuinneog Tor Launcher a osclaíonn an chéad uair a úsáideann tú Brabhsálaí Tor. If you need other bridges, you can get them at our Bridges website. For more information about bridges, see the Tor Browser manual.

If you’re having trouble connecting, an error message may appear and you can select the option to "copy Tor log to clipboard". Ansin, greamaigh an logchomhad Tor isteach i dtéacschomhad nó i gcáipéis eile.

If you don't see this option and you have Tor Browser open, you can navigate to the hamburger menu ("≡"), then click on "Preferences", and finally on "Tor" in the side bar. At the bottom of the page, next to the "View the Tor logs" text, click the button "View Logs...".

Alternatively, on GNU/Linux, to view the logs right in the terminal, navigate to the Tor Browser directory and launch the Tor Browser from the command line by running:

./start-tor-browser.desktop --verbose

or to save the logs to a file (default: tor-browser.log)

./start-tor-browser.desktop --log [file]

Is dócha go bhfeicfidh tú ceann de na hearráidí coitianta seo (cuardaigh na línte seo a leanas sa logchomhad Tor):

Common log error #1: Proxy connection failure

2017-10-29 09:23:40.800 [NOTICE] Opening Socks listener on 127.0.0.1:9150
2017-10-29 09:23:47.900 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 5%: Connecting to directory server
2017-10-29 09:23:47.900 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 10%: Finishing handshake with directory server
2017-10-29 09:24:08.900 [WARN] Proxy Client: unable to connect to xx..xxx..xxx.xx:xxxxx ("general SOCKS server failure")

Má fheiceann tú línte den sórt seo i do logchomhad Tor, ciallaíonn sé gur theip ort ceangal a bhunú le seachfhreastalaí SOCKS. Má theastaíonn seachfhreastalaí SOCKS uait ar do líonra, deimhnigh gur chuir tú mionsonraí an fhreastalaí isteach go ceart. Mura dteastaíonn seachfhreastalaí SOCKS uait, nó mura bhfuil tú cinnte, déan iarracht ceangal a bhunú le líonra Tor gan seachfhreastalaí SOCKS.

Common log error #2: Can’t reach guard relays

11/1/2017 21:11:43 PM.500 [NOTICE] Opening Socks listener on 127.0.0.1:9150
11/1/2017 21:11:44 PM.300 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 80%: Connecting to the Tor network
11/1/2017 21:11:44 PM.300 [WARN] Failed to find node for hop 0 of our path. Discarding this circuit.
11/1/2017 21:11:44 PM.500 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 85%: Finishing handshake with first hop
11/1/2017 21:11:45 PM.300 [WARN] Failed to find node for hop 0 of our path. Discarding this circuit.

Má fheiceann tú línte den sórt seo sa logchomhad Tor, ciallaíonn sé gur theip ar Tor ceangal a bhunú leis an chéad nód sa gciorcad Tor. Seans go gciallaíonn sé seo go bhfuil do líonra faoi chinsireacht.

Ba chóir duit triail a bhaint as droichead; is dócha go réiteoidh sin an fhadhb.

Common log error #3: Failed to complete TLS handshake

13-11-17 19:52:24.300 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 10%: Finishing handshake with directory server 
13-11-17 19:53:49.300 [WARN] Problem bootstrapping. Stuck at 10%: Finishing handshake with directory server. (DONE; DONE; count 10; recommendation warn; host [host] at xxx.xxx.xxx.xx:xxx) 
13-11-17 19:53:49.300 [WARN] 10 connections have failed: 
13-11-17 19:53:49.300 [WARN]  9 connections died in state handshaking (TLS) with SSL state SSLv2/v3 read server hello A in HANDSHAKE 
13-11-17 19:53:49.300 [WARN]  1 connections died in state connect()ing with SSL state (No SSL object)

Má fheiceann tú línte den sórt seo i do logchomhad Tor, ciallaíonn sé gur theip ar Tor croitheadh láimhe TLS leis na húdaráis a chur i gcrích. Is dócha go réiteoidh droichead an fhadhb seo.

Common log error #4: Clock skew

19.11.2017 00:04:47.400 [NOTICE] Opening Socks listener on 127.0.0.1:9150 
19.11.2017 00:04:48.000 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 5%: Connecting to directory server 
19.11.2017 00:04:48.200 [NOTICE] Bootstrapped 10%: Finishing handshake with directory server 
19.11.2017 00:04:48.800 [WARN] Received NETINFO cell with skewed time (OR:xxx.xx.x.xx:xxxx): It seems that our clock is behind by 1 days, 0 hours, 1 minutes, or that theirs is ahead. Tor requires an accurate clock to work: please check your time, timezone, and date settings.

Má fheiceann tú línte den sórt seo i do logchomhad Tor, ciallaíonn sé go bhfuil an clog i do ríomhaire mícheart. Ba chóir duit deimhniú go bhfuil an clog socraithe mar is ceart, an crios ama san áireamh. Ansin, atosaigh Tor.

Is éard atá i nDroichead ná athsheachadán Tor nach bhfuil liostáilte san eolaire poiblí Tor.

Ciallaíonn sé seo nach féidir le soláthraithe seirbhíse nó le rialtais cosc a chur ar líonra Tor trí cosc a chur ar gach uile dhroichead. Tá droichid úsáideach d'úsáideoirí Tor ina gcónaí i dtíortha faoi réimeas leatromach, nó dóibh siúd ar mhaith leo sraith bhreise slándála toisc go bhfuil imní orthu go n-aithneofar go bhfuil siad ag baint úsáide as seoladh IP ceangailte le hathsheachadán poiblí Tor.

Is gá cumraíocht rud beag difriúil a dhéanamh le droichid. See How do I run a bridge for instructions.

Tá roinnt tíortha, an tSín agus an Iaráin san áireamh, in ann ceangail trí dhroichead Tor a aimsiú agus cosc a chur orthu. Obfsproxy bridges address this by adding another layer of obfuscation. Teastaíonn pacáiste agus cumraíocht bhreise uait chun droichead obfsproxy a shocrú. See our page on pluggable transports for more info.

Snowflake is a pluggable transport available in Tor Browser to defeat internet censorship. Like a Tor bridge, a user can access the open internet when even regular Tor connections are censored. To use Snowflake is as easy as to switch to a new bridge configuration in Tor Browser.

This system is composed of three components: volunteers running Snowflake proxies, Tor users that want to connect to the internet, and a broker, that delivers snowflake proxies to users.

Volunteers willing to help users on censored networks can help by spinning short-lived proxies on their regular browsers. Check, how can I use Snowflake?

Snowflake uses the highly effective domain fronting technique to make a connection to one of the thousands of snowflake proxies run by volunteers. These proxies are lightweight, ephemeral, and easy to run, allowing us to scale Snowflake more easily than previous techniques.

For censored users, if your Snowflake proxy gets blocked, the broker will find a new proxy for you, automatically.

If you're interested in the technical details and specification, see the Snowflake Technical Overview and the project page.

If your internet access is censored, you should download Tor Browser Alpha available for Windows, macOS, GNU/Linux and Android. You can also use Snowflake with OnionBrowser on iOS.

If you're running Tor Browser Alpha for desktop for the first time, you can click on 'Configure' on the start-up screen and then select 'Tor is censored in my country'. Click on 'Select a built-in bridge' and choose 'snowflake' from the dropdown menu. From within the browser you can click on the hamburger menu then go to 'Preferences' and go to 'Tor'. Alternatively, you can also type about:preferences#tor in the url bar. Check 'Use a Bridge' and 'Use a built-in bridge'. Then select 'snowflake' from the dropdown menu.

If your internet access is not censored, you should consider installing the Snowflake extension to help users in censored networks. When you run Snowflake on you regular browser, you will provide connection as a proxy to an entry node in the Tor Network, and that’s all.

Add-on

Firstly make sure you have WebRTC enabled. Then you can install this addon for Firefox or the add-on for Chrome which will let you become a Snowflake proxy. It can also inform you about how many people you have helped in the last 24 hours.

Web page

In a browser where WebRTC is enabled: If you don't want to add Snowflake to your browser, you can go to https://snowflake.torproject.org/embed and toggle the button to opt in to being a proxy. You shouldn't close that page if you want to remain a Snowflake proxy.