常见问题

通常来说完美的匿名性是不可能的,即使用了Tor。 Though there are some things you can practice to improve your anonymity while using Tor and offline.

Use Tor Browser and software specifically configured for Tor.

Tor does not protect all of your computer's Internet traffic when you run it. Tor only protects applications that are properly configured to send their Internet traffic through Tor.

网页浏览:

文件浏览:

Control what information you provide through web forms.

当你使用Tor 浏览器浏览网站时,他们不知道你是谁或你的真实位置。 Unfortunately many sites ask for more personal information than they need through web forms. If you sign in to that website, they still don't know your location but they know who you are. Further, if you provide: name, email, address, phone number, or any other personal information, you are no longer anonymous to that website. The best defense is to be vigilant and extremely cautious when filling out web forms.

Don't torrent over Tor

Torrent file-sharing applications have been observed to ignore proxy settings and make direct connections even when they are told to use Tor. Even if your torrent application connects only through Tor, you will often send out your real IP address in the tracker GET request, because that's how torrents work. Not only do you deanonymize your torrent traffic and your other simultaneous Tor web traffic this way, you also slow down the entire Tor network for everyone else.

不要允许或安装浏览器插件

Tor 浏览器会屏蔽 Flash、RealPlayer、Quicktime 等浏览器插件,因为它们可以被操纵来暴露你的 IP 地址。 Similarly, we do not recommend installing additional addons or plugins into Tor Browser, as these may bypass Tor or otherwise harm your anonymity and privacy.

使用https版的网页

Tor will encrypt your traffic to and within the Tor network, but the encryption of your traffic to the final destination website depends upon on that website. To help ensure private encryption to websites, Tor Browser includes HTTPS Everywhere to force the use of HTTPS encryption with major websites that support it. However, you should still watch the browser URL bar to ensure that websites you provide sensitive information to display a padlock or onion icon in the address bar, include https:// in the URL, and display the proper expected name for the website. Also see EFF's interactive graphic explaining how Tor and HTTPS relate.

Don't open documents downloaded through Tor while online

Tor Browser will warn you before automatically opening documents that are handled by external applications. 不要忽略此警告。 You should be very careful when downloading documents via Tor (especially DOC and PDF files, unless you use the PDF viewer that's built into Tor Browser) as these documents can contain Internet resources that will be downloaded outside of Tor by the application that opens them. This will reveal your non-Tor IP address. If you must work with files downloaded via Tor, we strongly recommend either using a disconnected computer, or using dangerzone to create safe PDF files that you can open. Under no circumstances is it safe to use BitTorrent and Tor together, however.

Use bridges and/or find company

Tor tries to prevent attackers from learning what destination websites you connect to. However, by default, it does not prevent somebody watching your Internet traffic from learning that you're using Tor. If this matters to you, you can reduce this risk by configuring Tor to use a bridge rather than connecting directly to the Tor network. Ultimately the best protection is a social approach: the more Tor users there are near you and the more diverse their interests, the less dangerous it will be that you are one of them. Convince other people to use Tor, too!

Be smart and learn more. 了解 Tor 做什么和不能提供什么。 This list of pitfalls isn't complete, and we need your help identifying and documenting all the issues.

通常情况下,除非你知道如何把 VPN 和 Tor 在不侵犯你的隐私的情况下一起配置,我们不建议将这两者配合使用。

您可以在我们的 Wiki 上找到更多有关 Tor 与 VPN 一起使用时的信息。

Tor 浏览器目前在Windows, LinuxmacOS 上可用。

这里是 Tor 浏览器的安卓版本,The Guardian Project 也提供了 Orbot app,以在您的设备上通过 Tor 的网络路由其他应用。

Tor 还没有官方的 iOS 版本,但是我们推荐Onion Browser

强烈建议不要在 Tor 浏览器上安装新的附加组件,因为这可能会损害你的隐私和安全。

安装新的拓展可能会意外影响 Tor 浏览器,并使得您的 Tor 浏览器的浏览器指纹变得独一无二。 如果您的 Tor 浏览器副本拥有独特标记,您的浏览活动可以被反匿名并被追踪,即使您正在使用 Tor 浏览器。

简单来说,所有浏览器的设置与特性都会创造一个叫“浏览器指纹”的东西。 大多数浏览器不经意间为每一个用户创建独一无二的浏览器指纹,那可以被用来在全网追踪该用户。 Tor 浏览器经过专门设计,使其用户之间的指纹几乎相同(我们并不完美!)。 这意味着每一个 Tor 浏览器用户看起来都跟其他 Tor 浏览器用户一样,使得追踪一个单独的用户变得困难。

新的插件也有可能增加Tor 浏览器遭到攻击的几率。 这可能会允许敏感信息被泄露或允许攻击者感染 Tor 浏览器。 插件本身可能就被恶意设计用于监控您。

Tor 浏览器已经预先安装了两个拓展插件——HTTPS EverywhereNoScript——并且安装其他插件可能使您失去匿名状态。

想要了解更多关于浏览痕迹的信息?在 Tor 的博客里有一篇文章介绍了有关它的全部信息。

Tor 浏览器可以帮助人们访问所在地区被封锁的网站。 大多数时候,只需下载 Tor 浏览器,您就可以使用它去访问被屏蔽的网站。 在被严重监视的地区,我们提供许多规避监管的选项,譬如 可插拔传输

参阅 Tor 浏览器用户手册 关于 审查 的章节获得更多信息。

Tor 浏览器防止人们获知您访问过的网站。 有些机构,例如您的互联网服务提供商,也许会知道您正在使用 Tor 。不过他们将不会知晓您正在使用 Tor 做些什么。