Users in China need to take a few steps to circumvent the Great Firewall and connect to the Tor network.
First, get an updated version of Tor Browser: send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the subject "windows zh-cn" or other operating system (linux or macos)
After installing Tor Browser, you will probably not be able to connect directly to the Tor network, because the Great Firewall is blocking Tor.
Therefore, the second step will be to obtain a bridge that works in China.
There are three options to unblock Tor in China:
- meek-azure: it looks like you are browsing a Microsoft website instead of using Tor.
However, because it has a bandwidth limitation, this option will be quite slow.
You can select meek-azure from Tor Browser's built-in bridges dropdown.
- Snowflake: uses ephemeral proxies to connect to the Tor network.
It's available in Tor Browser stable version (Desktop and Android).
You can select Snowflake from Tor Browser's built-in bridge dropdown.
- Private and unlisted obfs4 bridges: users will need to request a private bridge to email@example.com with the phrase "private bridge" in the subject of the email or, if they are tech-savvy, they can run their own obfs4 bridge from outside China.
It's important to note that bridges distributed by BridgeDB (HTTPS, email), and built-in obfs4 bridges bundled in Tor Browser most likely won't work.
If one of these options below is not working, check your Tor logs and try another option.